Cubillo Ferreira, Antonio

Cubillo Ferreira, Antonio
b. 1930, La Laguna (Tenerife)
   Canarian nationalist leader
   Brought up in the rural north of Tenerife, Cubillo studied law at the University of La Laguna and during the late 1950s and early 1960s defended various strikers and labour organizations, most notably the port workers of Santa Cruz, dairyworkers and bus-drivers. In 1960, he co-founded a radical independence movement, Canarias Libre (Free Canary Islands), with leading communists like the lawyer Fernando Sagaseta. Shortly afterwards he was arrested but fled into exile before sentence was passed. He established contacts with the communist PCE in Paris, but his separatist ambitions resulted in the PCE distancing itself from him. In 1964 he moved to Algeria, where he set up MPAIAC (Movimiento Popular para la Autodeterminación e Independencia del Archipié-lago Canario-Movement for the Self-Determina-tion and Independence of the Canarian Archipelago) and began broadcasting pro-indepen-dence propaganda to the islands. The broadcasts of Radio Canarias Libre were popular among the students at La Laguna University, and prepared the ground for a growth of independence feeling in the post-Franco period. From his Algiers base Cubillo steadily built up the case for Canarian independence in the Organization of African States and among the pro-Soviet states of the United Nations. The historic connection between the Canaries and Cuba was instrumental in the acceptance of his claims.
   In 1978, he was knifed in his Algiers apartment block and suffered injuries which left him almost totally paralysed below the waist. His attackers were never caught. Their identity has caused much speculation, which has centred on both the Spanish and Algerian secret services. Cubillo returned to the Canary Islands in 1985 and has campaigned in regional and local elections, though not at national or European level. Although Cubillo still enjoys some affection among more radical elements of Canarian society, his party, re-established in December 1986 as the Congreso Nacional de Canarias (Canary Islands National Congress) regularly polls under 2 percent of the vote. Other pro-autonomy parties, however, take a good third of the vote and now dominate the regional assembly as well as many cabildos (island councils) and town councils. His status in the independence movement was undermined in the early 1990s by the foundation of the Las Palmas-based Coalición para Canarias Libre by his former lieutenant, Angel Cuenca Sanabria.
   Apart from his purely political work, Cubillo has been actively engaged in linguistic and historical work based on the premise of the African, particularly Berber, origin of the pre-Spanish inhabitants of the Canary Islands (the Guanches). Research into the pre-Spanish past has been used to bolster the cause of Canarian independence ever since Secundino Delgado set up the first modern movement in the late nineteenth century. MPAIAC's manifesto, known as El Libro Blanco (The White Book) and published in 1970, stresses the "scientific" basis for the uniqueness of the Canarian people, although the evidence for this is mainly derived from discredited craniometric work.
   See also: Archaeological Museum of Tenerife; Canarian culture; Museum of the Canaries
   Further reading
   - Cubillo, A. (1991) Los Años Verdes. Semimemorias, Sta. Cruz de Tenerife: Centre de la Cultura Popular Canaria (a rather fanciful version of Cubillo's early life and career).
   - Garí Hayek, D (1992) Historia del nacionalismo canario, Sta. Cruz de Tenerife: Benchomo (the best overview of modern Canarian nationalism).
   - Mercer, J. (1980) The Canary Islanders: Their Prehistory, Conquest, and Survival, London: Rex Collings (modern Canarian nationalism up to the death of Franco is covered in an appendix).
   M. R. EDDY

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antonio Cubillo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antonio de León Cubillo Ferreira es un político y abogado canario nacido en San Cristóbal de La Laguna[cita requerida] (España) en 1930. Biografía De origen gallego[1] e hijo de una maestra de escuela, vive… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Intento de asesinato a Antonio Cubillo — Operación Tierra Nueva[cita requerida] Lugar Argel, Argelia Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Archaeological Museum of Tenerife —    In 1913, the Tenerife Island Council acquired part of the collections of the Scientific Society founded by Juan Bethencourt Alfonso, and established the Archaeological Museum of Tenerife. During the Franco era, the museum was the home of… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Museum of the Canaries —    The Museo Canario (Canarian Museum) in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, housing the largest collection of pre Spanish artefacts in the Canary Islands, still remains a private museum. Founded in 1879 as an academic society, the museum was… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • José Manuel Otero — Este artículo o sección sobre biografías y política necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 30 de octubre de 2010.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • La Atalaya (Santa María de Guía) — La Atalaya …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Manuel Otero Novas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda José Manuel Otero Novas (Vigo, Pontevedra, Galicia, 20 de marzo de 1940) es un jurista y escritor español. Fue Ministro de la Presidencia y Ministro de Educación en el Gobierno de Adolfo Suárez. Está casado con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Geschichte der Kanarischen Inseln — Lage der Kanarischen Inseln; etwa 1.200 km vom spanischen Festland und zwischen 100 und 500 km westlich von Marokko entfernt Die Geschichte der Kanarischen Inseln umfasst die weniger belegbare vorkoloniale und die weithin bekannte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aborígenes canarios — Para los aborígenes canarios de Tenerife, antiguos habitantes de la isla de Tenerife, véase Guanche (Tenerife). Aborígenes canarios Estatua de Beneharo, Candelaria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lenguas guanches — Guanche Región Islas Canarias Lengua muerta c. siglo XVIII Familia Bereber Estatus oficial Oficial en …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”